Making optimal safety investment decisions are important for improving worker's safety level and reducing accident frequency. To study the complex relationship between safety investment and miners' behavior-based safety, we proposed the index system of the influential factors on miners' unsafe behaviors and utilized system dynamics (SD) method to construct the analysis model. Based on the empirical research on a mining company in Hunan, miners' behavior-based safety level under different investment conditions were simulated, then 12 kinds of schemes' simulation were obtained. Finally, the optimal scheme was achieved. The scheme is:Safety cost per ton of coal is 3.8 dollars, investment proportion is:Organizational management (0.44), safety climate (0.16), working environment (0.08), technological equipment (0.32). This scheme reached the target value of 90 in the 28th month, which was 9 months shorter than that of the original one. The optimized results show that increasing the behavior-based safety investment and adjusting the proportion appropriately, can improve miners' behavior-based safety level effectively.
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